In level 9, the "Input secret" form is replaced by one that looks like it is searching for words containing the string you provide. Give it a try, and then look at the code.
Well, this is just grepping through a wordlist, using the POSTed needle as a parameter. Since we control the value of that POSTed variable, we can control the command that gets executed. Now we need to figure out how to use that to our advantage.
First, notice that
$key is unquoted inside the command. So, we can give multiple words on the command line. What we want to do is specify the file to grep, as well as a pattern to grep for that will match the password we want to get out of that file.
Well, the easiest way to ensure that we will get the right line out of the file is to get them all. So, we can
use the regex
.*, which matches any character, zero or more times (ie every line). There are other strategies though, see if you can come up with a few ways to achieve the same result. Then, we need to specify our own file to "search" through, and get rid of
Let's try sending a needle of
'.*' /etc/natas_webpass/natas10 ; - which will make
dictionary.txt the next command. Since there is no command by that name, it'll just fail, probably outputting nothing. We can just put this in the text box, hit "Search" and now we have the next password.
You should always be aware of the dangers of using user-provided input in system commands. Perl's taint flag can be helpful here, but programmer awareness is the best defence. You should explore ways of running system commands that don't involve the shell, but even that may not be sufficient. If the user can specify a regular expression that causes grep to perform pathologically, they may not need a shell escape to wreak havoc.